All the tools and resources you need to export your goods across the world

Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed. In response to renewed calls from Argentina for Britain to relinquish control of the islands, a referendum was held in March 2013, which resulted in 99.8% of the population voting to remain a part of the UK.


Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about 500 km east of southern Argentina

Natural Resources

fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss

Population - distribution

a very small population, with most residents living in and around Stanley

English 89%, Spanish 7.7%, other 3.3% (2006 est.)
STANLEY (capital) 2,000 (2014)
Conventional long form
Conventional short form
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Local long form
Local short form
parliamentary democracy (Legislative Assembly); self-governing overseas territory of the UK
Geographic coordinates
51 42 S, 57 51 W
Time difference
UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
The economy was formerly based on agriculture, mainly sheep farming, but fishing and tourism currently comprise the bulk of economic activity. In 1987, the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falkland Islands' exclusive fishing zone. These license fees net more than $40 million per year, which help support the island's health, education, and welfare system. The waters around the Falkland Islands are known for their squid, which account for around 75% of the annual 200,000-ton catch.
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)
Real Interest Rate
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)
Current Account Balance
Labor Force, Total
Employment in Agriculture
Employment in Industry
Employment in Services
Unemployment Rate
Imports of goods and services
Exports of goods and services
Total Merchandise Trade
FDI, net inflows
Commercial Service Exports
fodder and vegetable crops; venison, sheep, dairy products; fish, squid
fish and wool processing; tourism
wool, hides, meat, venison, fish, squid
fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing
Country Risk Rating
Business Climate Rating

Our site saves small pieces of text information (cookies) on your device in order to deliver better content and for statistical purposes. By browsing our website you grant us permission to store that information on your device. For more information check our Terms and Conditions.