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The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa Atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were halted in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.


Oceania, five archipelagoes (Archipel des Tuamotu, Iles Gambier, Iles Marquises, Iles Tubuai, Society Islands) in the South Pacific Ocean about halfway between South America and Australia

Natural Resources

timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower

Population - distribution

French (official) 70%, Polynesian (official) 28.2%, other 1.8% (2012 est.)
PAPEETE (capital) 133,000 (2014)
Conventional long form
Overseas Lands of French Polynesia
Conventional short form
French Polynesia
Local long form
Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise
Local short form
Polynesie Francaise
parliamentary democracy (Assembly of French Polynesia); an overseas collectivity of France
Geographic coordinates
17 32 S, 149 34 W
Time difference
UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply.
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)
Real Interest Rate
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)
Current Account Balance
Labor Force, Total
Employment in Agriculture
Employment in Industry
Employment in Services
Unemployment Rate
Imports of goods and services
Exports of goods and services
Total Merchandise Trade
FDI, net inflows
Commercial Service Exports
coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits, coffee; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish
tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates
cultured pearls, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meat
Japan 35%, US 24%, Hong Kong 17%, France 9.1%, China 4.2% (2014)
fuels, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment
France 24%, South Korea 10%, China 9.6%, USA 9.3%, New Zealand 8.5%, Singapore 8.2%, Australia 4% (2014)
Country Risk Rating
Business Climate Rating

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