All the tools and resources you need to export your goods across the world

Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island became a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum by November 2018 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.


Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Natural Resources

nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

Population - distribution

French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
NOUMEA (capital) 181,000 (2014)
Conventional long form
Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
Conventional short form
New Caledonia
Local long form
Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances
Local short form
parliamentary democracy (Territorial Congress); an overseas collectivity of France
Geographic coordinates
22 16 S, 166 27 E
Time difference
UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
New Caledonia has 11% of the world's nickel reserves, representing the second largest reserves on the planet. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than 15% of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy.
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)
Real Interest Rate
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)
Current Account Balance
Labor Force, Total
Employment in Agriculture
Employment in Industry
Employment in Services
Unemployment Rate
Imports of goods and services
Exports of goods and services
Total Merchandise Trade
FDI, net inflows
Commercial Service Exports
vegetables; beef, venison, other livestock products; fish
nickel mining and smelting
ferronickels, nickel ore, fish
China 31.7%, Japan 15.1%, South Korea 10.6%, Australia 8%, France 7.1%, Belgium 5.1% (2015)
machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
France 35%, Australia 11.3%, South Korea 8.5%, Singapore 5.3%, Malaysia 5.2%, China 4.4%, NZ 4.4% (2015)
Country Risk Rating
Business Climate Rating

Our site saves small pieces of text information (cookies) on your device in order to deliver better content and for statistical purposes. By browsing our website you grant us permission to store that information on your device. For more information check our Terms and Conditions.