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Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.


Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand

Natural Resources

miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish

Population - distribution

English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
Conventional long form
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
Conventional short form
Pitcairn Islands
Local long form
Local short form
parliamentary democracy (Island Council); overseas territory of the UK
Geographic coordinates
25 04 S, 130 05 W
Time difference
UTC-9 (4 hours behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
The inhabitants of this tiny isolated economy exist on fishing, subsistence farming, handicrafts, and postage stamps. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships.
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)
Real Interest Rate
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)
Current Account Balance
Labor Force, Total
Employment in Agriculture
Employment in Industry
Employment in Services
Unemployment Rate
Imports of goods and services
Exports of goods and services
Total Merchandise Trade
FDI, net inflows
Commercial Service Exports
honey; wide variety of fruits and vegetables; goats, chickens; fish
postage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey
honey, fruits, vegetables, curios, postage stamps
fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs
Country Risk Rating
Business Climate Rating

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