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Carib Indians occupied the islands of the West Indies for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. In 1967, the island territory of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. The remaining islands achieved independence in 1983 as Saint Kitts and Nevis. In 1998, a referendum on Nevis to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority vote needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.


Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago

Natural Resources

arable land

Population - distribution

population clusters are found in the small towns located on the periphery of both islands

English (official)
BASSETERRE (capital) 14,000 (2014)
Conventional long form
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Conventional short form
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Local long form
Local short form
federal parliamentary democracy (National Assembly) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Geographic coordinates
17 18 N, 62 43 W
Time difference
UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
The economy of Saint Kitts and Nevis depends on tourism; since the 1970s, tourism has replaced sugar as the economy’s traditional mainstay. Roughly 200,000 tourists visited the islands in 2009, but reduced tourism arrivals and foreign investment led to an economic contraction in the 2009-2013 period, and the economy returned to growth only in 2014. Like other tourist destinations in the Caribbean, Saint Kitts and Nevis is vulnerable to damage from natural disasters and shifts in tourism demand.
External debt stocks
US$ 202,732,000
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)
Real Interest Rate
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)
Current Account Balance
US$ -62,703,314
Labor Force, Total
Employment in Agriculture
Employment in Industry
Employment in Services
Unemployment Rate
Imports of goods and services
US$ 557,037,037
Exports of goods and services
US$ 402,592,593
Total Merchandise Trade
FDI, net inflows
US$ 78,159,630
Commercial Service Exports
US$ 144,566,830
sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
US 46.4%, Poland 15.2%, Bangladesh 10.5% (2015)
machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
US 37.8%, Trinidad and Tobago 22.8%, Barbados 4.4% (2015)
Country Risk Rating
Business Climate Rating

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