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Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, the Ottoman Empire instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in at least 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920.


Southwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan; note - Armenia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both

Recursos Naturais

small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite

Distribuição da População

most of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the capital of Yerevan is home to more than five times as many people as Gyumri, the second largest city in the country

Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1% (2011 est.)
YEREVAN (capital) 1,044 (2015)
Designação longa convencional
Republic of Armenia
Forma longa local
Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
Forma curto local
parliamentary democracy
Coordenadas Geográficas
40 10 N, 44 30 E
Fuso horário
UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
Under the old Soviet central planning system, Armenia developed a modern industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics, in exchange for raw materials and energy. Armenia has since switched to small-scale agriculture and away from the large agro industrial complexes of the Soviet era. Armenia has only two open trade borders - Iran and Georgia - because its borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey have been closed since 1991 and 1993, respectively, as a result of Armenia's ongoing conflict with Azerbaijan over the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Acções de dívida externa
US$ 8.925.142.000
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ -285.462.152
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 4.567.654.107
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 3.495.675.648
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 338.033.697
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 1.577.919.865
fruit (especially grapes and apricots), vegetables; livestock
brandy, mining, diamond processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging and pressing machines, electric motors, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry, software, food processing
unwrought copper, pig iron, nonferrous metals, gold, diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, brandy, cigarettes, energy
Russia 15.2%, China 11.1%, Germany 9.8%, Iraq 8.8%, Georgia 7.8%, Canada 7.6%, Bulgaria 5.3%, Iran 5.3% (2015)
natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds, pharmaceuticals, cars
Russia 29.1%, China 9.7%, Germany 6.2%, Iran 6.1%, Italy 4.6%, Turkey 4.2% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
A high-risk political and economic situation and an often very difficult business environment can have a very significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very high.
Classificação de Clima de Negócios
The business environment is difficult. Corporate financial information is often unavailable and when available often unreliable. Debt collection is unpredictable. The institutional framework has many troublesome weaknesses. Intercompany transactions run major risks in the difficult environments rated C.
  • Considerable mining resources (molybdenum, copper, gold)
  • Significant support form international organizations and the diaspora
  • Member of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)
  • Geographic and political isolation exacerbated by an infrastructure deficit
  • Heavily dependent on Russia (trade, FDI,credit, migrant remittances)
  • High and persistent level of unemployment
  • High level of corruption
  • Conflict with Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh question
  • Stalled diplomatic relations with Turkey

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