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Lucayan Indians inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot in the New World on San Salvador in 1492. British settlement of the islands began in 1647; the islands became a colony in 1783. Piracy thrived in the 17th and 18th centuries because of The Bahamas close proximity to shipping lanes. Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas has prospered through tourism, international banking, and investment management. Because of its location, the country is a major transshipment point for illegal drugs, particularly shipments to the US and Europe, and its territory is used for smuggling illegal migrants into the US.


chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida, northeast of Cuba

Recursos Naturais

salt, aragonite, timber, arable land

Distribuição da População

most of the population lives in urban areas, with two-thirds living on New Providence Island where Nassau is located

English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
NASSAU (capital) 267,000 (2014)
Designação longa convencional
Commonwealth of The Bahamas
The Bahamas
Forma longa local
Forma curto local
parliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Coordenadas Geográficas
25 05 N, 77 21 W
Fuso horário
UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Horário de verão
+1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
The Bahamas has the second highest per capital GDP in the English-speaking Caribbean with an economy heavily dependent on tourism and international banking. Tourism accounts for approximately 75-80% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs half of the archipelago's labor force. Financial services constitute the second-most important sector of the Bahamian economy, accounting for about 15% of GDP. Manufacturing and agriculture combined contribute less than 7% of GDP and show little growth, despite government incentives aimed at those sectors. On January 1, 2015, the Government introduced a 7.5% Value Added Tax (VAT) on most goods and services, a measure designed to strengthen the fiscal balance sheet. In August 2016, Moody’s downgraded the Bahamas’ bond and issue ratings to Baa3 from Baa2 with a stable outlook, maintaining that rating in its February 2017 review. In December 2016, S&P downgraded the country to BB+ (speculative grade) from BBB- (investment grade) with a stable outlook based on projections of slow economic growth and the pace of debt accumulation. The Bahamas is the only country in the Western Hemisphere that is not a member of the World Trade Organization.
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ -
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 3.983.000.000
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 3.654.000.000
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 73.723.568
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 2.893.456.599
citrus, vegetables; poultry
tourism, banking, oil bunkering, maritime industries, transshipment and logistics, salt, aragonite, pharmaceuticals
Rock lobster, aragonite, crude salt, polystyrene products
Poland 25.9%, Cote dIvoire 20.6%, US 15.6%, Dominican Republic 14.1% (2015)
machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, mineral fuels; food and live animals
US 22.8%, China 15.2%, Japan 9.7%, Poland 7.8%, South Korea 7.4%, Colombia 6.9%, Brazil 5.7%, Singapore 5.6% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
Classificação de Clima de Negócios

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