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Muslim conversions and settlement in the region now referred to as Bangladesh began in the 10th century, primarily from Arab and Persian traders and preachers. Europeans established trading posts in the area in the 16th century. Eventually the area known as Bengal, primarily Hindu in the western section and mostly Muslim in the eastern half, became part of British India. Partition in 1947 resulted in an eastern wing of Pakistan in the Muslim-majority area, which became East Pakistan. Calls for greater autonomy and animosity between the eastern and western wings of Pakistan led to a Bengali independence movement. That movement, led by the Awami League (AL) and supported by India, won the independence war for Bangladesh in 1971.


Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

Recursos Naturais

natural gas, arable land, timber, coal

Distribuição da População

Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
DHAKA (capital) 17.598 million; Chittagong 4.539 million; Khulna 1.022 million; Rajshahi 844,000 (2015)
Designação longa convencional
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Forma longa local
Gana Prajatantri Bangladesh
Forma curto local
parliamentary republic
Coordenadas Geográficas
23 43 N, 90 24 E
Fuso horário
UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Bangladesh's economy has grown roughly 6% per year since 1996 despite prolonged periods of political instability, poor infrastructure, endemic corruption, insufficient power supplies, and slow implementation of economic reforms. Although more than half of GDP is generated through the services sector, almost half of Bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector, with rice as the single-most-important product.
Acções de dívida externa
US$ 38.639.917.000
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ 2.686.936.581
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 47.171.604.057
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 36.865.017.308
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 3.380.251.355
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 1.665.337.082
rice, jute, tea, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, tobacco, pulses, oilseeds, spices, fruit; beef, milk, poultry
jute, cotton, garments, paper, leather, fertilizer, iron and steel, cement, petroleum products, tobacco, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, tea, salt, sugar, edible oils, soap and detergent, fabricated metal products, electricity, natural gas
garments, knitwear, agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather
US 13.9%, Germany 12.9%, UK 8.9%, France 5%, Spain 4.7% (2015)
cotton, machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, foodstuffs
China 22.4%, India 14.1%, Singapore 5.2% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
A very uncertain political and economic outlook and a business environment with many troublesome weaknesses can have a significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is high.
Classificação de Clima de Negócios
The business environment is difficult. Corporate financial information is often unavailable and when available often unreliable. Debt collection is unpredictable. The institutional framework has many troublesome weaknesses. Intercompany transactions run major risks in the difficult environments rated C.
  • Competitive clothing sector thanks to relatively cheap labor
  • Substantial remittances from emigrant workers, located mainly in the Gulf states
  • International aid helping to cover financing needs
  • Moderate level of national debt
  • Favorable demographics: 45% of Bangladeshis are under 15
  • Economy vulnerable to changes in global competition in the textile sector
  • Very low per capita income
  • Recurring political and social tensions
  • Shortcomings in terms of business climate, especially regarding infrastructure
  • Recurring natural disasters (cyclones, severe flooding) which result in significant damage and loss of harvests

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