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The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived Confederation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential election in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH was elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011. After 22 years of increasingly authoritarian rule, President JAMMEH was defeated in free and fair elections in December 2016. Due to The Gambia’s poor human rights record under JAMMEH, international development partners had distanced themselves, and substantially reduced aid to the country. These channels may re-open under the administration of President


Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

Recursos Naturais

fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon

Distribuição da População

settlements are found scattered along the Gambia River; the largest communities, including the capital of Banjul, and the country's largest city, Serekunda, are found at the mouth of the Gambia River along the Atlantic coast

English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
BANJUL (capital) 504,000 (2015)
Designação longa convencional
Republic of The Gambia
The Gambia
Forma longa local
Forma curto local
presidential republic
Coordenadas Geográficas
13 27 N, 16 34 W
Fuso horário
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
The government has invested in the agriculture sector because three-quarters of the population depends on the sector for its livelihood and agriculture provides for about one-third of GDP, making The Gambia largely reliant on sufficient rainfall. The agricultural sector has untapped potential - less than half of arable land is cultivated and agricultural productivity is low. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of cashews, groundnuts, fish, and hides. The Gambia's reexport trade accounts for almost 80% of goods exports and China has been its largest trade partner for both exports and imports for several years.
Acções de dívida externa
US$ 526.775.000
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ 58.021.072
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 404.200.832
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 231.491.150
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 10.595.714
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 151.464.506
rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (manioc, tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats
peanuts, fish, hides, tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing
peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels
China 47.7%, India 27.1%, France 5.9%, UK 4.9% (2015)
foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment
China 34.3%, Brazil 8.2%, Senegal 6.9%, India 5.8%, Netherlands 4.8% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
Classificação de Clima de Negócios

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