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North Yemen became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to delineate their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and the Huthis, a Zaydi Shia Muslim minority, continued intermittently from 2004 to 2010. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2007.


Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

Recursos Naturais

petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west

Distribuição da População

the vast majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains (part of the larger Sarawat Mountain system), located in the far western region of the country

Arabic (official)
SANAA (capital) 2.962 million; Aden 882,000 (2015)
Designação longa convencional
Republic of Yemen
Forma longa local
Al Jumhuriyah al Yamaniyah
Forma curto local
Al Yaman
in transition
Coordenadas Geográficas
15 21 N, 44 12 E
Fuso horário
UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
Yemen is a low-income country that faces difficult long-term challenges to stabilizing and growing its economy, and the current conflict has only exacerbated those issues. The ongoing war has halted Yemen’s exports, pressured the currency’s exchange rate, accelerated inflation, severely limited food and fuel imports, and caused widespread damage to infrastructure. More than 80% of the population is in need of humanitarian assistance and over half are food insecure.
Acções de dívida externa
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ -
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 6.854.527.750
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 897.781.961
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ -15.444.808
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 262.405.370
grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles, leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; aluminum products; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production
crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish, liquefied natural gas
China 25.5%, UAE 17.1%, South Korea 10.4%, Saudi Arabia 10.3%, Kuwait 9.4%, India 5.3% (2015)
food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals
UAE 18.5%, Oman 13.9%, China 12.6%, Saudi Arabia 8.7%, Kuwait 6.5%, India 4.1% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
The highest-risk political and economic situation and the most difficult business environment. Corporate default is likely.
Classificação de Clima de Negócios
The highest possible risk in terms of business climate. Due to a lack of available financial information and an unpredictable legal system, doing business in this country is extremely difficult.
  • Political and financial backing of neighboring countries and several western countries given the geostrategic importance of Yemen
  • Architectural and cultural heritage
  • Civil war resulting in an economic and humanitarian crisis
  • The poorest country in the Arab peninsula
  • Heavy reliance on international aid
  • Depletion of oil reserves, not made up for by production of liquefied natural gas
  • Water shortage affecting farming
  • Disadvantageous business environment (bureaucracy, corruption, deficient infrastructure)

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