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Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. In 1867, Luxembourg attained full independence under the condition that it promise perpetual neutrality. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the EEC (later the EU), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency zone.


Western Europe, between France and Germany

Recursos Naturais

iron ore (no longer exploited), arable land

Distribuição da População

most people live in the south, on or near the border with France

Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 88.8%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 4.2%, Portuguese 2.3%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 1.1%, other 3.5% (2011 est.)
LUXEMBOURG (capital) 107,000 (2014)
Designação longa convencional
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Forma longa local
Grand Duchee de Luxembourg
Forma curto local
constitutional monarchy
Coordenadas Geográficas
49 36 N, 6 07 E
Fuso horário
UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Horário de verão
+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
This small, stable, high-income economy has historically featured solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. Luxembourg, the only Grand Duchy in the world, is a landlocked country in northwestern Europe surrounded by Belgium, France, and Germany. Despite its small landmass and small population, Luxembourg is the second-wealthiest country in the world when measured on a gross domestic product (PPP) per capita basis. Luxembourg has one of the highest current account surpluses as a share of GDP in the euro zone, and it maintains a healthy budgetary position and the lowest public debt level in the region.
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ 2.787.788.788
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 114.822.197.491
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 136.643.473.446
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 24.595.772.903
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 94.040.419.936
grapes, barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, fruits; dairy and livestock products
banking and financial services, construction, real estate services, iron, metals, and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation and logistics, chemicals, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism, biotechnology
machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass
Germany 22.1%, Belgium 16.7%, France 16.6%, UK 4.7%, Italy 4.6%, Netherlands 4% (2015)
commercial aircraft, minerals, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs, luxury consumer goods
Belgium 27.6%, Germany 22.9%, China 11.7%, France 9.5%, US 8.4%, Netherlands 4.2%, Mexico 4.1% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
The political and economic situation is very good. A quality business environment has a positive influence on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very low on average.
Classificação de Clima de Negócios
The business environment is good. When available, corporate financial information is reliable. Debt collection is reasonably efficient. Institutions generally perform efficiently. Intercompany transactions usually run smoothly in the relatively stable environment rated A2.
  • Fiscally stable
  • Skilled international workforce
  • Quality infrastructure, attractive legal and fiscal framework
  • Well-performing international financial center
  • High standard of living
  • Heavy dependence on large financial sector
  • Economy vulnerable to Eurozone economic situation
  • Future fiscal impact of an aging population

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