Todas as ferramentas e recursos que precisa para exportar os seus produtos em todo o mundo

The site of several advanced Amerindian civilizations - including the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec - Mexico was conquered and colonized by Spain in the early 16th century. Administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain for three centuries, it achieved independence early in the 19th century. Elections held in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON, but Enrique PENA NIETO regained the presidency for the PRI in 2012. The global financial crisis in late 2008 caused a massive economic downturn in Mexico the following year, although growth returned quickly in 2010. Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, high underemployment, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely indigenous population in the impoverished southern states. Since 2007, Mexico's powerful drug-trafficking organizations have engaged in bloody feuding, resulting in tens of thousands of drug-related homicides.


North America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States

Recursos Naturais

petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

Distribuição da População

most of the population is found in the middle of the country between the states of Jalisco and Veracruz; approximately a quarter of the population lives in and around Mexico City

Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
MEXICO CITY (capital) 20.999 million; Guadalajara 4.843 million; Monterrey 4.513 million; Puebla 2.984 million; Toluca de Lerdo 2.164 million; Tijuana 1.987 million (2015)
Designação longa convencional
United Mexican States
Forma longa local
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Forma curto local
federal presidential republic
Mexico City
Coordenadas Geográficas
19 26 N, 99 08 W
Fuso horário
UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Horário de verão
+1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Mexico's $2.2 trillion economy has become increasingly oriented toward manufacturing since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) entered into force in 1994. Per capita income is roughly one-third that of the US; income distribution remains highly unequal.
Acções de dívida externa
US$ 426.334.055.000
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ -27.858.125.962
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 418.275.991.985
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 399.126.460.638
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 26.738.609.737
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 24.097.318.071
corn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes; beef, poultry, dairy products; wood products
food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton
US 81.2% (2015)
metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, automobile parts for assembly and repair, aircraft, aircraft parts
US 47.3%, China 17.7%, Japan 4.4% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
Political and economic uncertainties and an occasionally difficult business environment can affect corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is appreciable.
Classificação de Clima de Negócios
The business environment is acceptable. Corporate financial information is sometimes neither readily available nor sufficiently reliable. Debt collection is not always efficient and the institutional framework has shortcomings. Intercompany transactions may thus run into appreciable difficulties in the acceptable but occasionally unstable environments rated A4.
  • Geographic proximity to the North American economy
  • Membership of NAFTA, OECD, the G20, and the Pacific Alliance
  • Renewal of flexible credit line by the IMF until January 2017
  • Substantial industry base
  • World class in cement, beer, and telephone sectors
  • Dependence on the United States economy
  • Low oil and gas dominated government revenues
  • Infrastructure and education weaknesses
  • High crime rate

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