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The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the bitterest fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, endemic crime, and a narrow economic base have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.


Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

Recursos Naturais

fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

Distribuição da População

Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages
HONIARA (capital) 73,000 (2014)
Designação longa convencional
Solomon Islands
Forma longa local
Forma curto local
Solomon Islands
parliamentary democracy (National Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Coordenadas Geográficas
9 26 S, 159 57 E
Fuso horário
UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), severe ethnic violence, the closure of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI's efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds.
Acções de dívida externa
US$ 207.463.000
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ -36.072.913
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 615.648.426
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 520.455.557
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 32.222.729
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 99.323.521
cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, fruit; cattle, pigs; fish; timber
fish (tuna), mining, timber
timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa
China 59.8%, India 8.9%, Italy 5.7% (2015)
food, plant and equipment, manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals
Australia 25%, China 18.6%, Malaysia 6.4%, Singapore 5.9%, Fiji 4.7%, NZ 4.7%, Papua New Guinea 4.6% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
Classificação de Clima de Negócios

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