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The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences complicated the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. A constitutional referendum in 2005 cancelled a 19-year ban on multi-party politics and lifted presidential term limits.


East-Central Africa, west of Kenya, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Recursos Naturais

copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold

Distribuição da População

population density is relatively high in comparison to other African nations; most of the population is concentrated in the central and southern parts of the country, particularly along the shores of Lake Victoria and Lake Albert; the northeast is least populated

English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
KAMPALA (capital) 1.936 million (2015)
Designação longa convencional
Republic of Uganda
Forma longa local
Forma curto local
presidential republic
Coordenadas Geográficas
0 19 N, 32 33 E
Fuso horário
UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, small deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals, and recently discovered oil. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing more than one-third of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Uganda has a small industrial sector that is dependent on imported inputs like oil and equipment. Overall productivity is hampered by a number of supply-side constraints, including underinvestment in an agricultural sector that continues to rely on rudimentary technology. Industrial growth is impeded by high-costs due to poor infrastructure, low levels of private investment, and the depreciation of the Ugandan shilling.
Acções de dívida externa
US$ 5.756.040.000
Taxa de imposto total (% dos lucros empresa)
Taxa de juro real
Produção, valor acrescentado (% PIB)
Saldo Corrente
US$ -2.352.636.981
Força de trabalho, total
Emprego na Agricultura
Emprego na Industria
Emprego nos Serviços
Taxa de Desemprego
Importação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 7.074.503.989
Exportação de Produtos e Serviços
US$ 4.500.769.335
Total Comércio de Mercadorias
IDE, entradas líquidas
US$ 1.057.301.392
Exportações de serviços comerciais
US$ 1.919.200.399
coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (manioc, tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, and fish
sugar processing, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production
coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold
Rwanda 10.8%, UAE 9.9%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 9.8%, Kenya 9.8%, Italy 5.8%, Netherlands 4.9%, Germany 4.8%, China 4.1% (2015)
capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals
Kenya 16.5%, UAE 15.6%, India 13.5%, China 13.1% (2015)
Índice de Risco do País
A very uncertain political and economic outlook and a business environment with many troublesome weaknesses can have a significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is high.
Classificação de Clima de Negócios
The business environment is very difficult. Corporate financial information is rarely available and when available usually unreliable. The legal system makes debt collection very unpredictable. The institutional framework has very serious weaknesses. Intercompany transactions can thus be very difficult to manage in the highly risky environments rated D.
  • Significant natural resources: fertile land, oil reserves, hydroelectric potential
  • Diversification, especially of the agri-food sector
  • International support for infrastructure projects
  • Debt, primarily on concessional terms
  • Poverty, inequalities
  • Inadequate infrastructure
  • Insecurity in the border regions (DRC and South Sudan)
  • Slow progress on governance (particularly control of corruption)

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